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A Guide to Smart Home Wiring and Integration

Homeowners can invest in smart home integration to fully automate their home’s functions. By hardwiring specific key smart home devices, homeowners can keep their smart home running smoothly with limited interference and trouble. 

Are you a homeowner in the Harford County, MD area interested in smart home integration? Are you looking to streamline all your home functions to make your everyday experience easier and more energy-efficient? 

Let the experts at JPS Electrical Services guide you in this article on all things smart home integration. We will discuss the basics and benefits of home automation and the role electrical professionals play in smart home integration.  

Keep reading to learn more about smart home integration!

The Basics of Smart Home Automation 

Smart home automation is the automatic control over smart electrical devices in your home. You can automate your home by connecting your devices to one main control panel, or you can also operate your smart devices through a virtual assistant speaker and smartphone apps. 

Virtual assistants are a popular choice for smart home automation, with only your voice required to trigger the lights, thermostat, or other device. There are a variety of popular virtual home assistants on the market, with some of the most popular being Google Home or Amazon Alexa. 

Most smart home devices are wireless, but depending on the amount of smart devices, your signal can become cluttered and slow. Hardwiring your smart home devices is a good option to prevent interference and keep your signal clear. 

Key Components and Devices

Key devices like smart light switches and outlets will need to be wired with the help of an electrical professional. When choosing your smart devices, pay close attention to what is compatible with your home system (Amazon Alexa, Google, etc). 

Here are some examples of home devices that can be automated with smart home technology: 

  • Lighting
  • Security Systems
  • Entertainment Systems
  • Wall Outlets
  • Doorbells
  • Thermostats

Interconnectivity and Communication Protocols

Most smart home devices connect and communicate through a Wi-Fi network, but many can be wired by cables. Certain smart devices, like light switches, for example, require a specific neutral wire in order to be fully automated. 

Neutral wires provide a way for the switches to gain energy and deliver automation capabilities. If your home doesn’t have a neutral wire, you can call an electrician to have one installed. 

Some devices can also function via Bluetooth and other wireless technology like Zigbee and Z-wave. Zigbee and Z-wave are wireless technologies designed for reliable and low-power networks. These technologies use considerably less power than Wi-Fi, but they also have a slower data transfer rate. 

Benefits of Smart Home Integration

The benefits of smart home integration include increased energy efficiency, enhanced security, and convenience and comfort. When you automate all of your devices to a singular control device, you get to enjoy convenience at its finest. 

We will discuss these benefits in further detail below. 

Increased Energy Efficiency

Smart devices increase energy efficiency, saving you money on your energy bills. For example, motion-sensing smart thermostats can detect when the home is vacant and adjust the temperature accordingly, cutting down heating or cooling energy expenditure.  

Enhanced Security

Security smart home devices are a popular choice among homeowners due to their various safety features, like automated door locks, motion sensors, and cameras. Some devices can monitor suspicious activity and alert you if they find any. 

As an additional security benefit, hard-wired security systems are typically harder to hack into than wireless systems. 

Convenience and Comfort

Enjoy the convenience of a fully automated home, and never worry about forgetting to switch off your lights, lock your front door, or turn off your AC again! With the ability to control your home fully from your smartphone or a control panel, you save yourself time and effort. 

The Role of Electrical Services in Smart Home Integration

Trusted electrical professionals play an important role in integrating smart technology into your home by properly installing any necessary wiring and setting up any of your electrical devices. While a DIY approach may seem cheaper, you could end up with a variety of issues. 

An electrical professional will have the knowledge and tools necessary to ensure that your devices integrate smoothly. They can install your home automation panel and also guide you with any questions you have about the system. 

Electricians can also help rewire old homes that may not have the necessary wiring for some smart home technology. Some older homes (especially those built before 1985) will need to have neutral wire installed to be capable of smart home integration. 


Homeowners can enjoy the convenience, energy efficiency, and additional benefits of home automation with smart devices. As more and more homes are turning to smart devices, you can choose to be a part of the future with a fully automated home. 

If you’re a resident of Baltimore County, MD, interested in smart home integration and wiring, reach out to JPS Electrical Services today to explore your possibilities. Our team consists of well-trained and qualified electrical experts ready to assist you in your smart home journey. 

Call us today at (410) 656-4311, or visit us online to receive a free estimate!

Frequently Asked Questions

What wiring is necessary for smart home integration? 

Some of the wiring needed for smart home devices include ethernet, network, and HDMI cables. You may also need a Power over Ethernet (PoE) switch as well as routers. 

Do I need to hire an electrician for smart wiring? 

Homeowners should hire an electrician for smart wiring as they will have the most experience and training in smart wiring a home. They can help make your home automation experience as smooth as possible and help you avoid any costly electrical damages that can occur with DIY projects that go wrong.